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What are the different types of range hoods?

What are the different types of range hoods? - Proline Range Hoods

There are many different designs and styles of kitchen range hoods, but they all fall into five main types or categories. These include wall mounted hoods, island hoods, range hood inserts, under cabinet hoods, and professional-grade hoods.

Although all range hoods are made with the same important purpose of ridding smoke, grease, and other toxins in the air that come from cooking and cleaning, some are more effective than others.

In this article, you will learn more about different kitchen ventilation design styles and range hood features. We hope this will help you on your journey to find which range hood type is best for your kitchen.

Also, check out the buyer's guide video below where we give you a closer look at the different types of hoods.

Wall Mount Range Hoods

Wall Range Hood with chimney over Stainless Steel Grill -

Wall mount range hoods are one of the most common types of stove hoods. These vent hood types are mounted securely against a wall in the kitchen. Ideally, mount your wall range hood about 28"-36” between the bottom of the hood and the stove cooking surface to capture the most cooking fumes and to prolong the life of your range hood.

Additionally, wall mounted range hoods come in different shapes. The most common type is a pyramid chimney style or tapered hood (see below).

Wall Range Hood over Stainless Steel Grill -

Some wall mounted range hoods have a different triangular design, with flat sides (see below).

Range Hood with Chimney -

If there are cabinets above them, they are called under cabinet range hoods. They typically don’t have anything mounted above them. Depending on the model, some wall mounted range hoods can also function as under cabinet hoods; be sure to check with the range hood supplier about your options.

If you liked these pictures of wall mounted range hoods, check out more of them from our customer kitchens.

Island Range Hoods

Island Range Hood in Large Kitchen with Black Cabinetry and Granite Countertops -

Island range hoods are a beautiful centerpiece for any kitchen space. Unlike wall mounted range hoods, island hoods are not mounted against a wall. Because of this, and all the additional air movement kitchen islands experience, they require more CFM to maximize their efficiency and filter as much unwanted air from your kitchen as possible.

Island range hoods come in all different shapes and styles. Also, all island hoods are mounted to your ceiling and so your ductwork will run through your ceiling as well. Some island hoods are flush with your ceiling, like our 42" Flush Island Pro.

Structurally, some homes may not have the proper clearance or design to vent through their ceiling. Double check that yours has the ability to run the needed ductwork from your hood to the outside of your home.

In many cases, a local contractor will be able to install ductwork for you; yet it may cost around 500 dollars.

Click here for more elegant island range hoods from Proline customers.

Range Hood Inserts

White Custom Hood in White Kitchen -

Range hood inserts are designed to be used in your custom hood. Hood inserts are usually hidden as they are built into highly customized cabinets above the cooktop or stovetop.

Black Kitchen with an Old-Fashioned Custom Hood -

Range hood inserts are a great option if you want full control of how your ventilation fan looks or if you have a premade cabinet that you want to convert into a functioning range hood.

This range hood type is a custom carved cabinet design that covers a range hood insert. There are many different custom range hood types including copper, tile, marble, and hand carved wood.

Inserts are a great appliance to set the tone or theme for your kitchen, whether you are aiming for a rustic, old-fashioned look, a modern and sleek design, or anything in between, use of an insert gives you ultimate creative control of your kitchen

The internet is full of ways to build your own DIY custom range hood cover. There are many other useful ones on YouTube and Pinterest as well.

At Proline Range Hoods, we have a beautiful selection of highly customizable range hood inserts to choose from for your custom cabinet needs.

Under Cabinet Range Hoods

Under cabinet range hoods are a great option for people who have cupboards or cabinet storage above their cooktop. This way, switching out an over-the-range (OTR) microwave with a professional range hood allows you to keep the extra cabinet storage space and upgrade your kitchen ventilation fan.

Professional Grade Range Hoods

Custom Range Hood black and copper-

Proline is one of the few companies to offer a selection of range hoods made especially for avid cooks. Our professional hoods offer the best quality professional range hoods and vents in the industry. Gordon Ramsey even gave one of our hoods to his head chef for use in her home. You can see him doing that here on Houzz.

Professional grade range hoods are made for anyone who expects only the most accurate and efficient hoods. When they need a powerful fan with lots of control of keeping toxins and harsh smells out of the kitchen we suggest a hood from our professional series. A professional range hood is any vent hood that comes with a 900+ CFM. This is considered to be a high CFM output and fits the requirements of a professional level range hood.

Downdraft Range Hoods or Ventilation


Downdraft hoods are not as effective as the other hoods mentioned in this article for a couple of reasons

First, cooking exhaust, including smoke rises, and it is easier simpler to catch it where it is already headed, up, rather than trying to redirect it to the side or down.

Second, power. The max power of most downdraft kitchen ventilation is right around 1,000 CFM. And you can easily get up to 2000 CFM with an island hood. Not everyone uses that kind of power, but having it allows you to run your hood on a lower and much quieter setting most of the time, and when the need arises, you can clear the room in a hurry.

Third, The capture area is nowhere near the same. A downdraft hood isn’t able to cover a cooktop and capture all the steam, smoke and chemicals that other hoods can. It's just not possible. And if you enjoy grilling or wok cooking, you know how much of those elements car coming off your cooktop.

If you have any questions as to whether a downdraft hood will be able to keep up with your cooking, it probably won't.

However, they can be a sleek addition to your kitchen; many downdraft hoods can be installed as pop-up vents and effectively hide from view when not in use. And for that reason, people do purchase them. It's better to have something that nothing, right?

Microwave Range Hoods

That same thought process applies to kitchen ventilation built into microwave ovens. Microwave vent hoods are ductless – or recirculating – which means that they take the air in and then vent it out back into your home.

These hoods don’t vent outside of your home and are less efficient than stand-alone range hoods. However, they are inexpensive and can save a lot of space in your kitchen.

For many of the same reasons that downdraft ventilation isn’t ideal, these aren’t ideal either.

Range Hood Venting Options

All range hoods fall into one of two categories: ducted, sometimes called vented, or ductless, sometimes called recirculating.

Ductless Range Hoods

A ductless range hood is a hood that doesn’t evacuate the air from your cooktop area to the outside of your home. It tries to clean the air through a filter of some kind. The best ductless hoods use a charcoal filter to provide additional filtering of the air. These aren’t as effective as ducted range hoods.

Ducted Range Hoods

A ducted range hood is a hood that filters air contaminants and grease to the outside of the home by way of ductwork. This ductwork is installed in your ceiling for island hoods or in your wall for other hood types. This is the most recommended option by professionals since it is the most effective at keeping the air in your kitchen clean.

Additional Range Hood Features


CFM is short for cubic feet per minute. This is simply a measurement of the movement at which air flows into or out of your cooking space. CFM measures airflow for all kitchen ventilation systems. Click here for a detailed guide on choosing the right CFM for your range hood. Range hood CFM will also depend on your type of cooktop – gas or electric. Take a look at our guide to determining CFM for these different cooktops here.

LED Lights vs. Halogen Lights

Different range hoods come with different bulb types. Halogen and LED lights both provide efficient lighting required for cooking. However, many people prefer LED bulbs simply due to the longer lifespan, efficient power consumption, and other features.

Light Features LED Halogen
Heat Emission 10%-20% of total energy 80%-90% of total energy
Power Consumption Average of 8 Watts Average of 90 Watts
Lifespan 50,000 - 60,000 hours 800 - 1,200 hours
Average Cost $15-$20/bulb $3-$5/bulb
UV Emissions None Minimal

Auto Shut Off Timer

For those that find themselves forgetting to turn off their range hoods, an auto shut off timer is a great feature. At Proline, we have a selection of range hoods that come with a built-in 15-minute auto-shutoff timer. This makes it easy for you to do what you do best and be the cook.

Baffle, Mesh, and Charcoal Filters

Mesh filters and baffle filters have the same purpose, although they are used differently. Baffle filters are usually made with a higher quality metal such as stainless steel, mild steel, or in some cases aluminum. This typically makes baffle filters easier to cleaning. On the other hand, mesh filters typically consist of layers of stacked metal mesh and are harder to clean. This is because grease and cooking debris will still cause buildups if not cleaned weekly.

Charcoal filters do not need to be cleaned but require replacement after about 120 hours of cooking or every three to six months.

Be sure to clean or replace your filters regularly to maximize the efficiency of your hood.

Hopefully these tips will help you choose the right range hood for you. Feel free to check out these other articles you might find helpful.

Do I Need a Range Hood?

Range Hood Duct Sizing Guide

What is the best range hood for Indian cooking?

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